Auto Maintenance Notes – Common Repairs
Here are some common car maintenance issues and suggested solutions. Stonum Automotive can assist you with any of these issues and help with a deeper diagnostics
Automatic Transmission Fluid
Check level with engine running and transmission in park. If low, add type of ATF specified in owners’ manual and/or on dipstick. For best results change every two years or 24,000 miles
Battery and Cables
Battery should be securely mounted. Battery connections should be clean, tight and corrosion-free. If your car’s battery is three years old or more, it should be replaced
Check for looseness, cracks or glazing. Replace V-belts every four years/36,000 miles. Replace serpentine belts every four years/50,000 miles, or sooner if needed. Replace belt per interval specified in owner’s manual. Typically, this is at 60,000 miles. Not replacing the belt as required could cause a breakdown or serious engine damage
Brakes and Brake Fluid
For best results, have the entire brake system – including brake linings – inspected at every other oil change.
Cabin Air Filter
Replace annually, more often in areas with heavy airborne contaminants
Many newer cars are lubed-for-life, some still require this service. Replacement steering and suspension components require periodic lubrication.
Check Engine Light On
If light comes on while driving or remains on, your engine may have an emissions or sensor problem and should be checked by a professional technician. If light flashes, the condition is more severe and must be checked immediately to prevent catalytic converter damage.
Check level at reservoir. Do not open hot radiator cap. If low, add 50/50 mix of approved antifreeze and distilled water.
Engine Air Filter
Replace yearly, or when dirty. Inspect annually, more often if driving and road conditions dictate.
Engine Oil and Filter
Check level with engine off at every fill up. Change oil and filter every 3,000 miles or 3 months. Use specified oil grade and weight.
Inspect for leaks, damage and broken supports or hangers if there is an unusual noise. If you suspect a problem, have it inspected immediately by a professional technician.
On carbureted cars, replace the filter once a year. On cars with fuel injection, replace the filter every two years or 24,000 miles.
Inspect for leaks, cracks or bulges, sponginess, brittleness and swelling. Replace hoses at lease every four years.
Replace bulb immediately if light is out.
Power Steering Fluid
Check the fluid with the car warmed up. Add approved type if low. If regular topping off is required, have system inspected for leaks.
Shock Absorbers and Struts
Inspect for leaks, damage and loose mounting hardware. Replace if worn, damaged or leaking. Have checked by a professional at lease once a year.
Tire Inflation and Condition
Inflate tires to recommended pressure. Replace tires if worn or damaged. Remember to check the spare. Check pressure of all tires including the spare. Check tread for wear and for cuts or bruised along the sidewalls.
Windshield Washer Fluid
Check level every other fill up. Some vehicles have two reservoirs. Do not use water. Use waster fluid only.
Replace when streaking or chattering.